What to Wear to the Vatican

Millions of people visit the Vatican (St. Peter’s and the Vatican Museums) every year. And yes, some are turned away because of what they are wearing! Even though it is a major tourist attraction for people of all backgrounds, Vatican City is also a major holy site in the Catholic religion. As such, it is important to think about what to wear to the Vatican (or t0 any church in Italy, for that matter).

Vatican Dress Code

First things first: what are the actual rules about what you can wear to the Vatican? It is actually more about what you CAN’T wear. The following items of clothing are not allowed in the Vatican Museums (including the Sistine Chapel), St. Peter’s Basilica or the Vatican Gardens. If you are visiting it is prohibited to wear:

  • Mini-skirts
  • Shorts above the knee
  • Sleeveless tops
  • Lowcut clothing
  • Hats

The Vatican’s dress code applies to both men and women and essentially comes down to ensuring that your knees and shoulders are covered.

What to Wear to the Vatican

While there is a dress code in terms of what is not allowed, there are no set rules about what TO wear to the Vatican. (Unless you are a female diplomat about to meet the Pope, in which case you wear black. I doubt this applies to too many of us).

If you are visiting St. Peter’s Basilica and/or the Vatican museums, you should dress for comfort while respecting the rules about covering your knees and shoulders.

Blouses or shirt that cover the shoulder

Skip the spaghetti straps and be sure to wear a shirt with sleeves when you are visiting Vatican City. This is more of an issue in the summer than in the winter.

There is no need to dress formally but men may want to opt for a linen shirt (which is a good choice for traveling to Italy in general).

For women, if you are wearing a dress or top with thin straps, you have two choices: bring a scarf to wrap around your shoulders, or carry a cardigan to wear inside at all times.

It is probably going to be less hassle to simply wear a blouse or a t-shirt with sleeves. Short sleeves are fine, but I would pick a breezy top like this one for comfort (and because Italians tend to dress up a bit and save the t-shirts for the gym).

Mid-length skirts or trousers

It can be annoying to be banned from wearing shorts in the heat of summer, but the Vatican is serious about keeping knees covered. My favorite solution is to wear a mid-length skirt (or a dress that goes to the knee). I find that this length of the skirt is great for braving public transportation as well because then your skin doesn’t actually have to make contact with the bus or metro seats.

There is no need to be frumpy (though the flash of midriff above isn’t going to work – simply pair the skirt with a different top).

Guys can sometimes get by with longer shorts, but trousers or jeans are always a better bet. Pick a lighter cotton like these for summer months when the museums are hot and crowded.

Flat shoes

It is not explicitly banned, but I do not recommend wearing flipflops or casual sandals to the Vatican. Again, dress like you are going to church (which you are!)

The Vatican Museums are massive and every hall combined would stretch on for eight miles. You will be walking A LOT, so keep this is mind when you dress for your day.

I like structured flats or Superga sneakers (which are insanely popular here and go with pretty much anything).

Breaking the Vatican Dress Code

If you arrive at the Vatican wearing short shorts and a tank top –  fear not! While you can give up and head home if you like, you can also purchase a plastic poncho/robe to wear around which covers your shoulders and knees. Yes, everyone will look at you but at least you can still go see the Sistine Chapel?

Here are some suggestions on items that you can wear to the Vatican:

Do you have any other suggestions about what to wear to the Vatican?

And do you already have your tickets? If you are planning to visit the Vatican, be sure that you have your tickets purchased in advance to avoid the two-hour-long line. 

For more Italian fashions tips, here is what to wear on a flight to Italy and what to wear in Rome in autumn.

smiling woman in sunglasses and a tank top in front of the Vatican with text what to wear to the vatican in box in pink

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49 thoughts on “What to Wear to the Vatican

  1. Emas says:

    Hi Good morning Natalie. Many thanks for this information about the dress code to go to the Vatican City. God bless you

  2. Margie Baker says:

    Thanks so much for this information! If, in the winter, a woman wears opaque tights with a skirt or dress, does the hem still need to reach the knee?

    • Natalie says:

      Hi Margie! That should be fine (as long as the dress is not overly revealing in other ways). I hope you enjoy your trip to the Vatican!

      • Jane Rogers says:

        Hi, I am travelling with 2 teenagers, one will be happy in jeans but younger son lives in sports wear. If smart is this acceptable , as long as not shorts ? Thank you

        • Natalie says:

          Ciao! He honestly should be fine if they are to the knee. If you can convince him to wear a polo, it should be totally acceptable. It is more about wearing something that would fit in inside a church, which is essentially what the museums still are

  3. JC says:

    Hello, Do you know if a sheer colored (Or see through scarf-chiffon) are acceptable to cover your shoulders with?
    Thank you!

  4. Edith says:

    Hi Natalie,
    Is it possible to wear a shirt that shows a little bit of your stomach? Or should you go with a shirt that covers everything?
    Thanks 🙂

  5. McKenzie says:

    Hey Natalie!
    Are capri leggings okay to wear or am I better off wearing a longer skirt to the Vatican City?

    • Natalie says:

      Ciao! Capri leggings should be fine, but athletic wear is a bit informal, so if the skirt isn’t too much bother (or if you have a nice top with the capris) it might be better 🙂

  6. Dawn says:

    I will be visiting in August. Just to be clear a dress can be worn as long as the him fall below the knee, and the sleeves on the dress. Are long sleeves required or sleeve length similar to a T-shirt length okay? I hear it’s warm in August would a light. sweater over a sleeveless sundress, it has modest straps but no sleeves be acceptable? Lastly, I read your suggestion about the “Superga” sneakers they are so cute. Are those acceptable inside the Vatican etc?

    • Natalie says:

      Superga would be fine! A modest sleeve is fine as long as the shoulder is covered. You could use the light sweater only in places like the entrance and the chapel/ st. Peter’s and likely be fine with straps only in other parts of the museum.

  7. Allison says:


    I saw you mentioned not wearing flip flops or casual sandals. I have a pair of supportive Birkenstock sandals with a silver strap that is dressier than the double buckle sandals one usually thinks of regarding Birkenstock. In your opinion, do you think they would be okay to wear with capris? Thank you!

    • Natalie says:

      This will really depend on the specific guard who lets in her group. Usually, knees being covered are the rule and pants would work but I’m not sure tights are seen as the same thing. A skirt that reaches the knees would be a safer choice

  8. Paul SCHMEER says:

    A word of warning.–Just because the tourists have to be covered up does not mean the artwork is. It is a cornucopia of nudity of bare breasted women and male genitalia. Papal Porn I guess.

    • Natalie says:

      Flip flops are fine as long as they can stand and walk in them for a long time. They don’t have to be as carefully covered but should essentially wear what you would allow them to go to church/place of worship in

  9. Emelie says:

    hello! I’m visiting the Vatican in a few days, I have a long dress that just barely covers the knee and is somewhat see-through in some lighting, do you think it would be okay? should i wear a top/sportsbra underneath or should i ditch the whole dress? thank you for reading!

  10. Anouska says:

    Hi Natalie, we are currently in Rome, my husband is planning on wearing tracksuit pants, will this be acceptable as he did not pack his denim?

  11. Jerry says:

    We did a skip-the-line guided tour of the Vatican (all the highlights) last month (in late August 2019). There must be a summer dress code because there were many many people in shorts. It was a very warm day and my group of 6 was very unhappy that I made them all wear long pants in the sweltering heat. Every place we visited at the Vatican, we were with people in shorts and even some sleeveless shirts. I had to hear about it all day; my group wouldn’t let me forget that I steered them wrong (based mainly on the advice from this website). I figured better safe than sorry, — and we were all indeed sorry!

  12. Mary says:

    Hi Natalie my partner and I are travelling to Rome next month to go to watch Scotland v Italy in rugby and we were planning on visiting the Vatican in the morning. As my partner usually wears a kilt. Can you please advise whether a kilt would be permissible? It is basically to save us time travelling back to our hotel to change then heading to the rugby so we want to be prepared. Thank you.

    • Natalie says:

      Hi Mary! As long as it is to the knee, that should be fine! Especially for the museums. They can sometimes be strict at St. Peter’s Basilica if it really doesn’t cover the knee but it all depends on the guard and the day

  13. Lada Zibarova says:

    In the future I would love to visit Vatican. If I wore a Gap dress that I have that is still pretty modest albeit slightly above the knee. And shoulders are exposed but I guess a shawl would solve that problem. And I do have a pair of comfortable white trainers. Or sneakers as they are called in America. Just asking for future reference.

    • Natalie says:

      It will be fine for the Museums! For St. Peter’s – if it doesn’t cover the knees, then it depends on the guard on the day. Some can be sticklers.

      • Emily says:

        Your blog is amazing, so thank you!
        I am visiting the Vatican this weekend. Will a maxi dress with a slit be okay? It is slightly sheer, but the material covers to my ankles!

  14. Tv schedule says:

    I would recommend wearing comfortable shoes and clothes that you can move in. The Vatican is a large building and it can be quite hot.

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