What to Wear to the Vatican

Millions of people visit the Vatican (St. Peter’s and the Vatican Museums) every year. And yes, some are turned away because of what they are wearing! Even though it is a major tourist attraction for people of all backgrounds, Vatican City is also a major holy site in the Catholic religion. As such, it is important to think about what to wear to the Vatican (or t0 any church in Italy, for that matter).

Vatican Dress Code

First things first: what are the actual rules about what you can wear to the Vatican? It is actually more about what you CAN’T wear. The following items of clothing are not allowed in the Vatican Museums (including the Sistine Chapel), St. Peter’s Basilica or the Vatican Gardens. If you are visiting it is prohibited to wear:

  • Mini-skirts
  • Shorts above the knee
  • Sleeveless tops
  • Lowcut clothing
  • Hats

The Vatican’s dress code applies to both men and women and essentially comes down to ensuring that your knees and shoulders are covered.

What to Wear to the Vatican

While there is a dress code in terms of what is not allowed, there are no set rules about what TO wear to the Vatican. (Unless you are a female diplomat about to meet the Pope, in which case you wear black. I doubt this applies to too many of us).

If you are visiting St. Peter’s Basilica and/or the Vatican museums, you should dress for comfort while respecting the rules about covering your knees and shoulders.

Blouses or shirt that cover the shoulder

Skip the spaghetti straps and be sure to wear a shirt with sleeves when you are visiting Vatican City. This is more of an issue in the summer than in the winter.

There is no need to dress formally but men may want to opt for a linen shirt (which is a good choice for traveling to Italy in general).

For women, if you are wearing a dress or top with thin straps, you have two choices: bring a scarf to wrap around your shoulders, or carry a cardigan to wear inside at all times.

It is probably going to be less hassle to simply wear a blouse or a t-shirt with sleeves. Short sleeves are fine, but I would pick a breezy top like this one for comfort (and because Italians tend to dress up a bit and save the t-shirts for the gym).

Mid-length skirts or trousers

It can be annoying to be banned from wearing shorts in the heat of summer, but the Vatican is serious about keeping knees covered. My favorite solution is to wear a mid-length skirt (or a dress that goes to the knee). I find that this length of the skirt is great for braving public transportation as well because then your skin doesn’t actually have to make contact with the bus or metro seats.

There is no need to be frumpy (though the flash of midriff above isn’t going to work – simply pair the skirt with a different top).

Guys can sometimes get by with longer shorts, but trousers or jeans are always a better bet. Pick a lighter cotton like these for summer months when the museums are hot and crowded.

Flat shoes

It is not explicitly banned, but I do not recommend wearing flipflops or casual sandals to the Vatican. Again, dress like you are going to church (which you are!)

The Vatican Museums are massive and every hall combined would stretch on for eight miles. You will be walking A LOT, so keep this is mind when you dress for your day.

I like structured flats or Superga sneakers (which are insanely popular here and go with pretty much anything).

Breaking the Vatican Dress Code

If you arrive at the Vatican wearing short shorts and a tank top –  fear not! While you can give up and head home if you like, you can also purchase a plastic poncho/robe to wear around which covers your shoulders and knees. Yes, everyone will look at you but at least you can still go see the Sistine Chapel?

Here are some suggestions on items that you can wear to the Vatican:

Do you have any other suggestions about what to wear to the Vatican?

And do you already have your tickets? If you are planning to visit the Vatican, be sure that you have your tickets purchased in advance to avoid the two-hour-long line. 

For more Italian fashions tips, here is what to wear on a flight to Italy and what to wear in Rome in autumn.

smiling woman in sunglasses and a tank top in front of the Vatican with text what to wear to the vatican in box in pink

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  • Reply Emas August 24, 2018 at 5:17 am

    Hi Good morning Natalie. Many thanks for this information about the dress code to go to the Vatican City. God bless you

  • Reply Lisa August 26, 2018 at 8:34 pm

    Do the dresses/skirts need to actually cover the knee cap or can they just touch the top of the knee?

    • Reply Natalie August 27, 2018 at 10:56 am

      Technically the knee cap but they are more concerned with any thigh showing. Brushing the top of the knee will be fine

  • Reply Margie Baker January 6, 2019 at 10:10 pm

    Thanks so much for this information! If, in the winter, a woman wears opaque tights with a skirt or dress, does the hem still need to reach the knee?

    • Reply Natalie January 11, 2019 at 3:23 pm

      Hi Margie! That should be fine (as long as the dress is not overly revealing in other ways). I hope you enjoy your trip to the Vatican!

  • Reply JC March 4, 2019 at 12:46 pm

    Hello, Do you know if a sheer colored (Or see through scarf-chiffon) are acceptable to cover your shoulders with?
    Thank you!

    • Reply Natalie March 5, 2019 at 9:48 pm

      It should be!

  • Reply Edith March 14, 2019 at 7:00 pm

    Hi Natalie,
    Is it possible to wear a shirt that shows a little bit of your stomach? Or should you go with a shirt that covers everything?
    Thanks 🙂

    • Reply Natalie March 17, 2019 at 1:47 pm

      Hi Edith – no stomach can be showing so it would be best to go with a shirt that covers everything. Have fun!

  • Reply McKenzie May 30, 2019 at 4:49 pm

    Hey Natalie!
    Are capri leggings okay to wear or am I better off wearing a longer skirt to the Vatican City?

    • Reply Natalie June 2, 2019 at 11:54 am

      Ciao! Capri leggings should be fine, but athletic wear is a bit informal, so if the skirt isn’t too much bother (or if you have a nice top with the capris) it might be better 🙂

  • Reply Kelley May 30, 2019 at 4:54 pm

    Hi Natalie, Would it be okay to wear jeans with minimal holes in the knee?
    Thanks so much!

    • Reply Natalie June 2, 2019 at 11:53 am

      Ciao! That should be fine. The main thing is to be covered and dressed respectively for the church.

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